Barramundi, also known as Asian sea bass, is a white fish fleshy with sweet, light, and strong texture, similar to snapper, grouper, striped bass, and the only one fish that can be found in the sea between India, Southeast Asia, and Australia. Barramundi said from Aboriginal Australia, where they translated it into “large-scale river fish.”
Mediterranean diet – the best number one diet rating overall in 2017 U.S. News and World Reports – have been associated with several health benefits over the past decade including prevention of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, and cancer. This diet reflects regional and abundant food in:
- Lean protein
- Olive oil
Fish and seafood are protein-to-protein for those who eat the Mediterranean diet, with emphasis on eating oily fish twice a week. High omega-3 fatty acids from these fish (such as Barramundi), especially DHA and EPA, are often associated with many healthy heart benefits from this diet such as a reduced risk of arrhythmias (abnormal heartbeat), a decrease in triglyceride levels, a slow rate of atherosclerotic plaque growth and lower blood pressure, according to the American Heart Association.
Barramundi sea bass
Late calcarifer, known as sea bass in Asia and Barramundi in Australia, is a big member, Euryhaline from the Centropomidae family that is widely distributed in the Indo-West Pacific region of Arabic Gulf to China, Taiwan Province, Papua New Guinea, and North Australia. The aquaculture of this species began in the 1970s in Thailand and quickly spread to most Southeast Asia.
Among the attributes that make Barramundi a candidate ideal for aquaculture is:
- These are relatively strong species that tolerate crowding and have extensive physiological tolerance.
- High female fecundity provides many ingredients for seed-proof production.
- Seed-proof production is relatively simple.
- Barramundi feeds well on the pellet diet, and teens are easily weak to pellets.
- Barramundi grew rapidly, achieving a size that can be harvested (350 g – 3 kg) in six months to two years.
Today Barramundi farmed in most of its reach, with most of the production in Southeast Asia, generally from a small beach cage farm. Often this agriculture will breed mixed species, including Barramundi, Groupers (Family Serranidae, Subfamily Epinephelinae), and Snappers (Lutjanidae Family).
Australia is experiencing a large-scale Barramundi agriculture development that reflects the style of the cultivation industry seen in Europe. Where Barramundi agriculture is carried out outside the tropics, the production system of recirculation is often used (eg in South Australia and in the United States of America).
Barramundi has been introduced for the need for aquaculture to Iran, Guam, French Polynesia, United States (Hawaii, Massachusetts), and Israel.
Habitat of Barramundi
Barramundi inhabited freshwater habitat, and sea including flow, lake, estuary, and coastal waters. Barramundi is a predator of opportunism; Crustacean and fish dominate in an adult diet.
Seasonal spawning varies in the range of these species. Barramundi in North Australia spawns between September and March, with Latitudinal variations in the spawning season, perhaps in response to various water temperatures. In the Philippines, Barramundi spawned from the end of June to the end of October, while in Thailand Spawning was associated with the rainy season, with two peaks during the Northeast Monsoon (August – October) and Southwest Monsoon (February – June). spawning occurs near the mouth of the river, at the bottom of the estuaries, or around coastal headlands. Barramundi spawned after a full and new month during spawning seasons, and spawning activities were usually associated with entry pairs that seemed to help transport eggs and larva to the estuary.
Reproduction of Barramundi Fish
Barramundi is very fecund; One female individual (120 cm) can produce 30-40 million eggs. As a result, only a small number of BroodStock is needed to provide an adequate number of larva for large-scale hatching production.
Larva recruited into the estuarine nursery swamp where they lived for a few months before they moved to freshwater from rivers to rivers. Juvenile Barramundi remained in a freshwater habitat until they were three-four years old (60-70 cm) when they reached sexual maturity as men and then moved downstream during the breeding season to participate in spawning. Because Barramundi is euryhaline, they can be cultured in various salinities, from fresh to seawater. When they were six-eight years old (85-100 cm), Australia Barramundi changed gender to women and remained women for the rest of their lives. Gender change in the Asian population of this species is less clear and primary women are common.
Although some Barramundi has been recorded as a broad movement between the river system, most of them remain in their original river system and only move a short distance. The limited individual exchange between the river system is one of the factors that contribute to the development of different genetically different Barramundi groups in North Australia, where there are six genetic strains recognized in Queensland, and ten in the western region of the northern region.
Barramundi fish color
These fish have a relatively long body proportionally with their other dimensions with a long concave head. They also have a big mouth with prominent jaws that can expand through their eyes. They have leading dorsal fins with a combination of thorns and rays in the back and ventral fins. While they often appear olives-green or silver, their coloring can vary significantly to provide camouflage relevant to their regular environment.