Angelfish- A colorful freshwater aquarium fish

Popularly called Angelfish

Genus: (Pterophyllum)

Family Cichlidae

Angelfish happens to be the most popular aquarium fish, and add beauty to your aquarium as well. Although they aren’t easy to care for actually unless you have a full idea of their needs. Angelfish are normally peaceful. Nevertheless, they have Cichlids and can be a bit aggressive toward one another, especially when trying to pair off or spawn. They aren’t aggressive; I’d call them opportunistic because they will eat everything that fits into their mouth.

Every specie of the Angelfish are freshwater members of the cichlid family, and they originate from South America. They are three species. Actually, they are particular shapes for Cichlids being greatly laterally condensed with round bodies and outstretched triangular dorsal and anal fins. Their unique body shape allows them to hide among plants and roots, majorly on a vertical surface. This fish are continually streaked crossways, which occurs naturally; they also have coloration, which provides further camouflage. They are ambush by predators and prey on small fishes and macro-invertebrates. Every angelfish species usually form monogamous pairs. In the process of reproduction, eggs are normally laid on an aquatic log or a flattened leaf. 

Angelfish couple

What you should know about the Angelfish

▪ Angelfish are naturally carnivorous. So if you’re planning on getting Angelfish for your aquarium, then you’ve to feed them on the right foods. As help them reach the optimum size and remain healthy. I’d suggest a daily feeding of flakes. They also eat small fishes like fry and tetras. 

▪ Angelfish can grow about six inches if they’re well- cared for about an year and a half old. If they’re kept in a tank that is not overcrowded, they can nearly reach up to 10 inches. However it is happens to be almost impossible.  


▪ You can hardly tell the difference between the male and the female fish unless the female is ready to procreate. Both sexes have an organ known as papilla, which is located at their ventral and anal fins.

▪ A female fish deposits her egg in neat rows on a piece of underwater slate leaned against a wall of their surrounding. While the male follows up behind her and uses his papilla to fertilize each egg, respectively. If the fertilization goes well, you will discover that the fry starts wiggling it tails about two days after, although they remain attached to the slate. Five days after, the fry will start swimming. After the seven days, they will begin eating on their own, then they’ve already absorbed the yolk sacks from their eggs.

 The only way for you to be certain about both sexes when the female fish is gravid (she’s carrying eggs), her papilla becomes a bit enlarged and has a blunt tip. When a male angelfish senses a gravid female, his papilla also enlarges a bit but has a more pointed tip… difference stated I guess!!! 

You can anyway be sure on the Angelfish that lays eggs, whether female or male. When other angelfishes don’t respond to a gravid female, it either some more females or males aren’t interested in breeding and pairing up.

Pink angelfish

▪ Angelfish can become aggressive as they mature. These fish can live with the different types of other tropical species when they are young. Because they become more territorial and aggressive as they mature. They become aggressive with each other majorly during reproduction times. A male fish can fight with another male over mates, and female fish can be aggressive when protecting their offspring from other male and female fish looking for prey. Angelfish prey on smaller fish while Angelfish predators ate larger and carnivorous fish. A good example of an Angelfish predator is “Betta”. Betta and angelfish can never put together in a same tank.

▪ Fish are prone to ich also known as ick.

Ich is a parasitic condition that can take place at any time the conditions in their surroundings are suitable, and these fish are highly prone to it. This parasite can spread from one fish to the other, and it can also subsist in tank/ aquarium on its own before affixing to a fish. You might be wondering what exactly can cause or contribute to ich infestation; they include; poor water conditions, overcrowding, and improper diet.