Red Lagoon or Laguna Colorada is located at 14,000 feet above the sea level on the Bolivian Plateau which is in famous Andes Mountains on the South American continent. This lake is called the Red Lagoon since the water in this lake is blood red color. This Lagoon is belongs to the Bolivian most visited protected area of the Eduardo Avaroa Andean Fauna National Reserve. Lake surrounding is margin to the border of Chile. The surrounding of the area is dominant by desert rocks and salt deposits.
Spread over an area of 15,000 acres, this red lake is truly a salt lake and is about 3 feet deep. The reason for the blood red color of water in this salt lake is that variety of living Algae species. Red lagoon is one of the main breeding area of the beautiful Flamingo birds.
There are several such salt water lakes on the Bolivian Plateau, which are different in color due to the living algae species in them. Red Lagoon is the only red color large lake in Bolivian plateau while Laguna Verde and other several lakes are emerald-green color. Rain water mixed with minerals are coming from the tall mountain ranges over the thousand years and accumulate in the polder of Bolivian plateau. Then this saline lakes are created by the evaporation of high summer temperatures and convene of brine rich water. However in the rest seasons, temperature is often below the freezing point.
The area of the Red Lagoon is rich in biodiversity, where indigenous birds and various species of other animals live. In particularly, three out of six species of endangered Flamingo live in this red salt lake area. In addition to that Puma leopards, Andean Foxes, Cat species, Reptiles species and Amphibians are inhabit the surrounding of the lake. Several fish species live in this unique red color water.